Did you know the name ‘Gladiolus’ originates from the Latin word ‘Gladius’ that means “Sword”? It is for this reason that the gladiolus flowers are also called “sword lilies”. Gladiolus is a bulbous plant native to South Africa famous for its bright and colorful blooms. It is available in a variety of colors such as yellow, pink, purple, white, burgundy, red, orange, etc. These flowers work as a great addition to floral bouquets and midsummer gardens.
Though this plant is hardy and requires minimal care, you still need to be aware of the right environment and other requirements for transplanting gladiolus. So, if you are a beginner in gardening you may want to learn how to transplant gladiolus in the right manner.
In this article, we will tell you step-by-step guide on how to transplant gladiolus from indoors (stored corms) and how to replant gladiolus from the garden. We will also tell you when is the right time to transplant gladiolus and give you care and precautionary tips to be kept in mind.
Gladiolus grows best in sunny areas that have well-drained sandy loam soil. A well-drained soil can be achieved by mixing compost in your planting beds. Therefore, if you have a kitchen garden in your backyard, the same environment will work well to transplant gladiolus. Also, gladiolus are not very accommodating to weeds and other plants, therefore, it is best to have a clear area around them.
Talking about the method of plantation, this plant is usually propagated using its flat round corms. However, gladiolus can also be germinated through seeds, though it will take years before the plant produces its first bloom. It is for this reason that most of the gardeners use bulbs to transplant gladiolus to get quicker results.
Transplantation involves moving your gladiolus plant from one place to another which can be done for several reasons such as not enough sunlight in the current spot, overcrowded flower bed, or when you want to redesign your garden.
While it is safe to transplant gladiolus at any time of the year (as long as it is done carefully), the gladiolus bulbs are generally transplanted in early spring to enjoy their bloom throughout the summers. The best time for planting gladiolus corms is when you are past the threat of frost and the soil is warm enough for germination (around 55°F). You can either transplant gladiolus by germinating them in water or by carefully scooping out a growing shoot during its growing season.
Even though this plant is perennial, the corms of the plant do not respond well to cold temperatures. So, if you live in a colder zone (USDA zone 6 or below) and want to know how can you transplant gladiolus in the summer, you should preferably remove gladiolus bulbs from the soil and store them indoors.
To do so, wait for the growing season to end, which will be the year’s first frost. Chop off any remaining foliage down to an inch, and use a trowel to extract the gladiolus corms from the soil. Scrape out any rotten or damaged part of the bulbs. Also, separate out any splitting bulbs. Scrape off the excess dirt and place the bulbs in a warm and airy location to let them cure for one or two weeks. When the corms are dry enough, put them in a paper bag and store it away in a cool and dry place.
Since it takes between 70 to 90 days for gladiolus to begin flowering, you should ideally plant it two weeks before the last expected spring frost. Once the winter season passes, and the local foliage starts showing signs of regeneration, it is time to transplant the bulbs to a sunny and well-drained spot in your garden. To enjoy a continuous harvest, you should plant a few corms every two weeks so that all the flowers do not bloom at once but keep your garden colorful until early fall.
Also, if you want to create a bed of gladiolus flowers, there should be a space of at least 5 inches between two corms to provide them enough space to grow.
Before you begin learning how to transplant gladiolus, make note of the planting requirements, and gather all your supplies to transplant gladiolus.
If you have landed here searching “How can you transplant gladiolus in the summer?” You will require the following tools.
To begin learning about how to transplant gladiolus you will first have to do a couple of preparations.
Now that all your preparations are in place, it is time to learn how to transplant gladiolus that has been stored indoors during winters and how to replant gladiolus that is already growing in your garden to a different location.
Many beginners ask us “Can you transplant gladiolus in the summer?” The answer is very much a YES, provided you do it in the right manner on the right day.
Now that you have learned how to replant gladiolus, here are a few tips that will help you to take better care of your plant to ensure a full bloom. Plus, you should also be aware of the diseases and pests that usually affect the gladiolus.
If you have got a gladiolus bounty, here are a few tips to use them for decorations:
Some of the recommended gladiolus varieties are Candyman (deep pink), Dream’s end (orange), Prins Claus (white), Black Star (deep purple), and Glamini.
The gladiolus form a flat bulb like structure known as corm. When you dig the large corms out during fall, you will find tiny cormlets growing from the bottom of the large bulb. So, yes, the corms do multiply if they get the right environment to thrive.
The main new corm grows on top of the old corm. The tiny cormlets also grow out of the old corm.
To divide gladiolus, carefully remove the main new corm from the top. Also, pry off the cormlets. Discard any damaged or unhealthy corm. Plant these new corms during the spring season. However, don’t expect them to flower the same year. They will develop into mature bulbs and will be ready to flower in the next season.
Maintaining a well-drained moist soil and a bright sunny spot will ensure a full and healthy bloom. Appling a layer of mulch will also protect your plant from weed growth and provide the needed moisture to the soil. Using a water-soluble fertilizer for flowering plants will ensure bright and big blooms. However, make sure that you mix the fertilizer well with water to avoid burning out the bulbs.
Gladiolus blooms only once per season. So, if you want your garden to stay colorful throughout the summer, you may want to plant the bulbs in intervals of two weeks to get a constant bloom.
Gladioli can add up to the beauty of your garden area. They are the perfect choice to beautify a corner of your home with a flower arrangement too. Their big and vibrant blooms with a rich palette of colors can uplift any dull area.
Now, this brings us to the end of how to transplant gladiolus guide. Hope you were able understand how to correctly transplant the gladiolus and care for the plant.