Different Kinds of Sansevieria (Snake Plant Varieties)
With more than seventy different types, there is a snake plant for everyone – medium sized, short, and dwarf
Snake plants are forgiving and very easy to grow. Because of their thick texture and upright leaves that look like a tongue, they are called Mother-in-law’s Tongue. Botanically called the Sansevieria, Snake plants can thrive in less water and low light. They have many pros and absorb toxic compounds like benzene and formaldehyde from the environment.
It almost seemed forgotten in the last few decades before it was finally rediscovered as an ornamental plant some years ago. There are more than seventy different snake plant varieties, and most, if not all, belong to the Dracaena genus.
Native to southern Asia, Madagascar, and Africa, Snake Plants belong to the Asparagus plant family and are flowering.
Below, we will discuss some of the most prevalent snake plant types. Let us address them one by one.
Types of Sansevieria Varieties
- Sansevieria trifasciata
- Sansevieria laurentii
- Sansevieria ‘Moonshine’
- Sansevieria ‘Bantel’s sensation’
- Sansevieria Ballyi (Dwarf Sansevieria)
- Dracaena Pethera
- Dracaena Angolensis or Sansevieria Cylindrica
- Dracaena Hyacinthoides or Sansevieria hyacinthoides
- Sansevieria hahnii Black Star
- Dracaena hanningtonii
How Many Different Types of Snake Plants Are There?
Snake plant cultivators and species can be grown indoors in any corner of the world. It is good news for people who reside in a region that does not have favorable conditions like warm weather around the year.
Please remember not every sansevieria species seek the climate found in USDA hardiness zones nine through eleven for outdoor, year-round growing. If you think the geography may fail to provide the necessary conditions, it is best to grow your snake plants indoors. Here’s how to make your snake plants grow faster.
You can take them outdoors when the temperature is over 60 degrees Fahrenheit and move them back indoors when the cold weather returns.
Before we discuss the various snake plants, a small word of caution – almost all species are mildly toxic to pets and humans.
Hence, keep them out of reach from any creature susceptible to harm. Now, let us address our carefully curated list of some of the most unique, best, and visually appealing sansevieria varieties.
1. Sansevieria trifasciata
|Six inches to 8 feet tall
It is an aggressive, invasive plant that grows best in sunlight exposures from partially shaded regions to open sunny areas. These sansevieria species are drought tolerant and can reproduce by seeds, rhizomes, and leaf segments. Segments of rhizomes and leaves resprout well and develop rapidly, forming virtually impenetrable and dense thickets. These succulent perennial herbs are noxious weeds.
2. Sansevieria laurentii
|Variegated Snake Plant, Goldband Sansevieria
These sansevieria varieties have deep green leaves and golden edges that look appealing with horizontal, zig-zag stripes. The leaves grow up to thirty inches long. Once mature, the plant grows to four feet. Like the other types, even this one has sword-shaped leaves that grow vertically in a tight clump.
Sadly, this cultivator does not bloom quickly, but when it does, it yields greenish-white leaves on the top of the slender inflorescence. You can easily divide it via propagation.
3. Sansevieria ‘Moonshine’
|Silver queen, sansevieria moonglow, and moonlight snake plant
|Low-light conditions with little water and well-draining soil.
These are beautiful snake plant varieties with spear-shaped, silvery-green leaves that make them one of the best picks for indoor plants. It grows up to four feet and works as an air purifier.
The plant does not need much attention and thrives best in neglect. This eye-catching sansevieria has broad pointed succulent leaves with a beautiful dark green margin.
Like the other different kinds of snake plants, even this one is pretty easy to care for, making it one of the picks for beginners. Snake plants are not hard to care. The plant can thrive in most conditions, and its sword-like, short upright leaves do not take up much room.
4. Sansevieria ‘Bantel’s sensation’
|Viper’s Bowstring Hemp, white striped sansevieria, Bantel’s sensation, and white snake plant
These sansevieria varieties reach between 30 and 32 inches. Hence, they are the perfect picks for indoor plants. Its narrow leaves have a beautiful white border running across them. Native to West Africa, the plant has a distinctive appearance making a statement wherever you place it.
The plant has vertical stripes in its foliage, and its beautiful, variegated cultivator has narrower leaves than other different types of snake plants. Prolonged drought conditions can result in brown spots on the leaves.
It is relatively less tolerant to low conditions than other typical Snake plants. Hence, avoid heavy light conditions.
5. Sansevieria Ballyi (Dwarf Sansevieria)
|Dwarf snake plant
|90 -170 cm
Among the different varieties of snake plants, the Sansevieria Ballyi is a dwarf specie. It is a stemless, perennial succulent plant that stands out from the typical plants courtesy of its long cylindrical leaves, which are usually yellowish-green.
It has small rosettes of pointed banded leaves, which yield new growths on runners to form a beautiful cluster. Belonging to Asparagaceae, these snake plant varieties are native to Southern Kenya and Tanzania.
6. Dracaena Pethera
|Between two and four feet
From the different types of sansevieria, these varieties are a little tricky to track down, but they are 100 percent worthy of the search and effort. These species grow as tiny, lackluster, low-lying, almost flat plants with only a few leaves in the beginning.
However, over time, they will show new foliage growing upright with gray-green color, mottled pattern, and undulating leaf margins, which inspire the development of new cultivators like Coppertone. There could be some reasons why snake plants don’t grow or curl their leaves.
Amongst the different kinds of snake plants, these have unique blooms instead of long raceme full of flowers. It yields a long stem with buds. Its blooms have a lavender to faint pink tone.
7. Dracaena Angolensis or Sansevieria Cylindrica
|African Spear Plant, Saint Barbara sword, and Elephant’s Toothpick
|Four feet with a one foot spread
These snake plant varieties grow four feet tall and spread one foot wide. The leaves have alternated with dark green and light green stripes. Formerly called the Sansevieria Cylindrica, the Dracaena Angolensis is a sturdy plant with cross-banded foliage with light green and dark green markings.
Each of its cylindrical leaves measures one inch across that slowly tapers to a pointed tip. The leaves feature shallow channels, which run from the base to the tips. Upon maturity, the leaves develop a fan-shaped, beautifully arched spray. Upon pollination, the flowers yield orange-red berries.
8. Dracaena Hyacinthoides or Sansevieria hyacinthoides
|African Bowstring Hemp
|10 to 12 inches
These snake plant species grow in dense, smaller groups, provided you plant them under the shade of the trees in their natural habitat. The plant is considered invasive in the wild, but it can be a beautiful houseplant. Its leaves have dark green diagonals and are medium green.
As is apparent, the African Bowstring Hemp is native to Africa. Its leaves may reach 120 centimeters, and the plant is medium green with dark green transverse bands that look broad on its short stems. Among the different kinds of sansevieria these form long rhizomes.
9. Sansevieria hahnii Black Star
|Black Star Hahnii, Black Gold Hahnii, Bird’s Nest Snake Plant, Rosette Snake Plant, Sansevieria Golden Hahnii Black, Sansevieria trifasciata ‘Lotus Hahnii’, Sansevieria hahnii Black Gold, and Yellow Bird’s Nest
These sansevieria species can do the trick if you wish to make a significant impact with only a compact-sized plant. This little beauty can fit on a shelf, into your apartment, or in a smaller space.
It is one of the dwarf varieties that stands out for its yellow or cream margins on the deep green-hued foliage and the tight rosette of broad, short leaves, one onto the other. Its leaves gleam from the center. A distinguishing characteristic of these snake plant species is the absence of banding.
10. Dracaena hanningtonii
|Banana, Samurai, Samurai Dwarf, or Blue
|Four to six inches, but some specimens may grow larger
The banana has small white blooms. Native to Africa, it is a rare succulent. It is one of the cute sansevieria varieties that can easily fit on the windowsill or bedside table, or you can nestle it with other potted members of the succulent collection. Its leaves are waxy, thick, stout, and glossy, with a deep emerald green color and red or blue-tinged margins.
Other Varieties of Snake Plants
- Sansevieria Eillensis Chahin
- Sansevieria Parva ‘Kenya Hyacinth’
- Sansevieria Cleopatra
- Sansevieria Ehrenbergii ‘Blue Sansevieria’
- Sansevieria canaliculate
- Sansevieria patens
- Sansevieria fischeri
- Sansevieria gracilis
- Sansevieria kirkii ‘Star sansevieria’
- Sansevieria masoniana ‘Mason congo’
Frequently Asked Questions
Ques 1. Are all Sansevieria now Dracaena?
Ans. Yes, Sansevieria has been reclassified as a Dracaena.
Ques 2. Which is the most common snake plant?
Ans. Sansevieria Trifasciata is the most common type of snake plant.
Ques 3. What is the rarest snake plant?
Ans. Sansevieria Masoniana, Or Whale Fin Snake Plant, is the rarest snake plant varieties.
Ques 4. Which is the best type of Sansevieria for a houseplant?
Ans. Sansevieria Laurentii is the best type of Sansevieria for a houseplant.
Ques 5. Which type of Sansevieria is best for the outdoors?
Ans. Outdoor snake plants (Sansevieria spp) are most suitable for outdoors.