Orchid Varieties | Different Kinds of Orchid Types with Pictures

Orchids are extraordinary flowers found in thousands of varieties. Cattleya, Foxtail, Moth, and Monkey Orchids being the most notable ones.

Different Types of Orchid

Orchids, with a staggering count of approximately 28,000 species recently found by scientific exploration, exhibit a vast diversity. This collection is further classified into roughly 850 distinct clusters, known as genera.


Amongst the many different types of orchids, a few widely recognized names emerge as their prominent representatives.


Some notable examples of orchids include Vanda, Moth Orchids, Phalaenopsis, Dendrobium, Foxtail, Monkey Orchids, and Cattleya.


Each of these orchid categories depicts its distinct characteristics and eye-catching beauty.


Let us delve into the captivating world of orchids that unveils a fascinating tapestry of floral wonder with countless bewitching orchids.


Orchid Plant Identification and Overview

Orchid genus Orchidaceae
Scientific name Orchidaceae
Hardiness zone 5–11 (USDA)
Flower colors Pink, purple, white, red, yellow, orange, green,
Plant size 1–3 ft. tall, 6–12 in. wide
Planting time Spring or early summer



Orchid Fertilizer

Well-drained acidic soil

Water twice a week in the warmer months

Partial sun

Balanced formula at half strength

Bloom time Varies
Plant type Perennial, herbaceous


Here is a detailed Orchid Care Guide for you.


Orchid Species Based On Where They Grow (Habitat)

Terrestrial Orchids: These orchids grow close to the ground, depicting their adaptability and resilience to terrestrial habitats.


Epiphytic Orchids:Presenting their unique lifestyle, Epiphytic orchids grow by annexing themselves to other plants, usually trees, sans causing harm and deriving moisture and support from the surrounding environment.


Lithophytic Orchids: These fascinating orchids have adapted to grow on rocky surfaces or rocks. They find their niche in shallow soil pockets or crevices to draw moisture and sustenance.


Saprophytic Orchids:Unlike the other orchids, these acquire their nutrients from decaying organic matter, such as decomposing wood or fallen leaves, contributing to the ecosystem’s recycling process.


24 Different Kinds Of Orchids

This list below will take you through twenty-four different orchids with distinct characteristics and beauty.

1. Moth Orchids (Phalaenopsis Orchid)


Flower color White, pink, purple, to yellow
Fragrant Yes
Bloom time Months of late winter, spring, and sometimes extending into early summer
Indoor or outdoor Both


For growing Moth Orchids, you must provide them with a bright but indirect light, typically near an east or north-facing window. Maintain a temperature range of 65-80°F (18-27°C) during the day and slightly cooler at night.

2. Dendrobium Types of Orchids


Flower color Shades of white, purple, pink, and more.
Fragrant Only some varieties
Bloom time Some bloom in the spring or summer, while others bloom during the winter months
Indoor or outdoor Both


These orchid varieties possess unique characteristics. Typically they may have solitary flowers or arranged clusters, producing a visually striking display.


Their height may vary significantly. While some species remain small, others reach 6 to 12 inches, and a few may grow taller up to three feet or more.

3. Cattleya


Flower color Pink, purple, yellow, white, and even bi-colored combinations
Fragrant Highly fragrant, emanating captivating scents that can range from citrusy to spicy or floral notes.
Bloom time Spring and early summer, while some in fall
Indoor or outdoor Both


Usually called the ‘queen of orchids,’ Cattleya are known for their showy and large flowers. These captivating orchids present a stunning array of colors, and the flowers can vary in size, reaching up to six inches in diameter.


4. Dancing Lady Orchids (Oncidium)


Flower color Yellow, orange, red, brown, and white
Fragrant Some are fragrant with a sweet and citrusy aroma to spicy or even resembling the scent of chocolate
Bloom time February to May
Indoor or outdoor Both


These orchids are named so because of their distinctive flower shape, resembling a dancing lady with cascading petals or flared lips.


They cherish bright, indirect light when grown indoors and ample sun, mild climate, and protection against extreme temperatures outdoors.


This variety needs regular watering to keep the roots moist, and you must plant them in well-draining soil.


5. Lady of The Night Orchid (Brassavola nodosa)

Lady of The Night Orchid

Flower color Greenish-white flowers
Fragrant Yes
Bloom time Spring to summer months
Indoor or outdoor Both


Also called the Lady of the Night Orchid, Brassavola nodosa is a captivating one among the different types of orchids with unique features.


With its greenish-white flowers and alluring fragrance, Brassavola nodosa is an orchid variety that captivates the senses and adds a touch of elegance to any environment.


Whether cultivated as a houseplant or included in outdoor gardens, this orchid creates a visually stunning and fragrant focal point.


6. Nun’s hood orchid

Nun's hood Orchid


Flower color White to pale pink
Fragrant No
Bloom time Spring
Indoor or outdoor Mainly outdoors


Botanically called the Pterostylis curta, Nun’s Hood Orchid is one of the visually appealing orchid varieties. They are cultivated in gardens with suitable growing mediums and apt environmental conditions.


They thrive in mild climates and create a serene and graceful atmosphere when in bloom.


7. Foxtail orchid


Flower color White, pink, and purple
Fragrant Sweet and captivating scent
Bloom time Spring to summer
Indoor or outdoor Both


While in their full bloom, they yield slender, long inflorescences that look like foxtails with multiple flowers densely arranged along the stem.


They thrive in bright, indirect light and are well-suited for placement near west-or-east-facing windows.


You can cultivate them in a tropical or subtropical climate, provided environmental conditions are favorable.


8. Spiranthes hachijoensis

Spiranthes Hachijoensis

Flower color White flowers
Fragrant Yes
Bloom time Late summer to early autumn
Indoor or outdoor Mainly outdoors.


Commonly called the Hachijo Island Lady Orchid, the Spiranthes hachijoensis are well-suited for natural areas and gardens.


Amongst the many different types of orchids, if you love the white flower variants, this one can be a good pick, as they will create a peaceful captivating sight in outdoor landscapes.


9. Vanda coerulea


Flower color Blue flowers
Fragrant Yes
Bloom time Spring to summer
Indoor or outdoor Both

Commonly called the Blue Vanda, the Vanda coerulea is a highly sought-after orchid variety amongst collectors and enthusiasts.


They emit a pleasant fragrance that adds an extra sensory delight to their appeal. They need indirect, bright light and do best in tropical or subtropical regions.


10. Adam and eve

Adam and eve

Flower color Green and white flowers
Fragrant No
Bloom time Spring and summer
Indoor or outdoor Outdoors


From the different kinds of orchids if you want something visually distinctive, Adam and Eve can be a good pick.


They are mainly found in the woodland regions and need partial shade or shade and do best in well-draining soil. Because of their specific growing requirements, they are not grown indoors.


11. Christmas Orchids


Flower color Shades of red, white, and pink
Fragrant Pleasant fragrance
Bloom time Winter season
Indoor or outdoor Indoors


Botanically called the Cattleya trianae, the Christmas Orchids symbolize the holiday season because of their festive colored blooms.


They are a popular choice for indoor floral displays and holiday decorations. Their vibrant colors and delightful scent create a festive atmosphere, making them a cherished addition to indoor spaces during the holiday season.


12. Pink lady’s slipper


Flower color Shades of pink and white
Fragrant Mild and subtle fragrance
Bloom time Late spring and continuing into early summer
Indoor or outdoor Outdoors


Botanically called the Cypripedium acaule, the Pink Lady’s Slipper orchid species is found in woodland areas. They prefer moist and shaded environments with acidic soil.


They rely on the symbiotic relationship with specific soil fungi and the natural cycles of light and temperature fluctuations in outdoor settings to thrive and bloom.


13. Maxillariella tenuifolia


Flower color Shades of red and brown
Fragrant Coconut-like fragrance
Bloom time Spring to summer months
Indoor or outdoor Both


Also called the Coconut Orchid, the Maxillariella tenuifolia thrives in warm temperatures, typically in tropical or subtropical. These need a well-draining growing medium, indirect, bright light, and high humidity.


14. Flat-leaved vanilla


Flower color Creamy yellow flowers
Fragrant Delightful fragrance
Bloom time Summer to early autumn months
Indoor or outdoor Indoors


Scientifically called the Vanilla planifolia, the Flat-leaved Vanilla thrives in a controlled environment, such as a well-lit room with consistent temperatures or a greenhouse.


Of course, you can grow them outdoors, but amongst the different kinds of orchids, these are typically high-maintenance and need specific conditions and expertise to thrive.


15. Bee orchid

Bee Orchid

Flower color Shades of pink, white, or purple
Fragrant No
Bloom time Spring to early summer
Indoor or outdoor Outdoors


Called the Ophrys apifera, the Bee Orchid blooms in delightful shades that mimic the appearance of bees.


They attract pollinators because of this visual mimicry and add a touch of natural intrigue to the outdoor environments. They thrive in meadows, open grasslands, and other habitats with well-drained soils.


16. Monkey Orchid (Dracula simia)


Flower color Shades of brown and orange
Fragrant Mild fragrance
Bloom time Spring to summer
Indoor or outdoor Indoors


Among the different types of orchids, this is the most unique one. Scientifically called the Dracula simia, the Monkey Orchid has unique blooms in intriguing colors that resemble a monkey’s face.


Their distinct appearance adds a novelty to the indoor space, making them a fascinating addition.


17. Sedirea japonica

Sedirea Japonica

Flower color White flowers that
Fragrant Pleasant fragrance
Bloom time Spring to early summer
Indoor or outdoor Both


Commonly called the Nagoran Orchid, the Sedirea japonica flourishes in warm climates with high humidity and filtered sunlight.


They cherish a well-draining medium with bright, indirect light. Its graceful flowers make it a captivating addition to any garden.


18. Common Spotted Orchid

Common Spotted Orchid

Flower color Shades of pink, purple, or white
Fragrant No
Bloom time Late spring to summer
Indoor or outdoor Outdoors


Scientifically known as Dactylorhiza fuchsia, the Common Spotted orchid varieties attract pollinators because of their nectar rewards and striking colors.


They thrive in several habitats, like damp woodlands, grasslands, and meadows.


19. Clamshell orchid

Clamshell orchid

Flower color Shades of green, yellow, or brown
Fragrant Mild fragrance
Bloom time Summer to early autumn
Indoor or outdoor Both


Scientifically called the Encyclia cochleate, the Clamshell Orchid has distinctive colors that resemble the shape and appearance of a clamshell, giving the orchid its common name.


They thrive in tropical climates with high humidity and filtered sunlight.


20. Butterfly orchid


Flower color Shades of white, yellow, or pink
Fragrant Yes
Bloom time  Spring to early summer
Indoor or outdoor Both


Scientifically known as Phalaenopsis, the Butterfly orchid varieties have beautiful blooms that resemble the delicate wings of the butterflies, earning it its common name.


21. Tiger orchid

Tiger Orchid

Flower color Shades of orange, yellow, or red
Fragrant Sweet and alluring,
Bloom time Late spring to early summer
Indoor or outdoor Outdoor


Their vibrant colors with intricate patterns resemble the tiger’s majestic stripes, giving it its common name. Tiger Orchids need humid and warm conditions, making them better suited for sub-tropical or tropical climates.


They need ample space to accommodate their robust growth. Hence, you cannot grow them indoors.


22. Black-Lipped Orchid (Coelogyne pandurata)

Black-Lipped Orchid

Flower color White petals with a distinctive dark purple lip
Fragrant Mild
Bloom time Late winter to early spring
Indoor or outdoor Both


Scientifically called the Coelogyne pandurate, the Black-Lipped orchid species need shade to partially shaded areas with protection from direct sunlight.


However, their adaptability allows them to be cultivated in different environments.


23. Jewel Orchids (Ludisia)


Flower color Small white or pink blooms
Fragrant No
Bloom time Spring or Summer to fall
Indoor or outdoor Indoors


Scientifically called Ludisia, the Jewel orchid is valued for its stunning foliage rather than flowers. Their true beauty lies in the vibrant and intricate patterns on the leaves.


24. Purple orchids (Spathoglottis)


Flower color Purple
Fragrant No
Bloom time Spring to summer
Indoor or outdoor Outdoors


These thrive in tropical and warm regions, where you can plant them in containers or garden beds. They can add a touch of elegance and vibrancy to outdoor gardens and tropical landscapes but need ample sun or partial shade for survival.


Related: Orchid Leaves Turning Yellow & Wrinkled | How To Make Orchids Grow Faster | Orchid Lifespan


Are There Any Types Of Hanging Orchids?

Yes, there are some hanging orchid varieties like:

  1. Phalaenopsis (Moth Orchids)
  2. Dendrobiums (Dendrobium Orchids)
  3. Oncidiums (Dancing Lady Orchids)
  4. Vandas (Vanda Orchids)


What Is The Queen Of All Orchids?

Cattleyas are called the queen of all orchids.


Which Orchids Bloom The Longest?

Moth orchids are the longest blooming orchids.


What Variety Is My Orchid – How Do I Know?

Observe its color, flower shape, and foliage characteristics, or consult orchid identification resources, such as books or online forums, to identify your orchids.


Which Are The Flowers That Look Like Orchids But Aren’t?

Iris, Lisianthus, Protea, and Plumeria are some of the flowers that look very similar to orchids but aren’t them.