Different Kinds Of Sweet Potato Varieties For Culinary Uses
Sweet potatoes can be divided into three main categories based on their flesh color. These include orange sweet potatoes, white-fleshed varieties, and purple ones.
Sweet potatoes are a remarkable culinary gem that continues to be a part of endless delightful snacks and cuisines. There are various types of sweet potatoes, each with its distinct characteristics.
Sweet potatoes are classified based on two primary factors: skin color and flesh color. In this guide, we have delved into the different types of sweet potato varieties, unveiling a world of captivating tastes and flavors for you to explore.
Sweet potatoes are highly flavorful and can be used in various culinary applications, including roasting, baking, boiling, mashing, frying, and more.
They are packed with nutrients, including dietary fiber, vitamins A and C, potassium, and antioxidants, making them a nutritious addition to a balanced diet.
Overall, the different sweet potatoes offer a range of flavors, colors, and textures, allowing for diverse and creative use in cooking.
Different Kinds of Sweet Potatoes
- Orange-Fleshed Sweet Potatoes
- White-Fleshed Sweet Potatoes
- Purple-Fleshed Sweet Potatoes
- Some Other Lesser-Known Varieties
Sweet potatoes can be classified based on their skin color and flesh color. Here are some different common types of sweet potatoes:
1. Orange-Fleshed Sweet Potatoes
Orange-fleshed sweet potatoes are known for their vibrant orange color and sweet flavor. They are rich in beta-carotene, a precursor to vitamin A, and provide dietary fiber, vitamin C, and potassium.
These varieties can grow to various sizes, from small to large, depending on the specific variety and growing conditions.
They are generally easy to cultivate, requiring well-drained soil and warm temperatures for optimal growth.
Orange-fleshed sweet potatoes are versatile and can be baked, boiled, mashed, or used in a variety of dishes for their sweet creamy texture and nutritious values.
A. Garnet sweet potato
Garnet sweet potatoes have a sweet and slightly earthy flavor, making them a delightful addition to various culinary creations. When cooked, they have a soft and creamy texture.
Garnet sweet potatoes can be baked, roasted, boiled, or steamed to bring out their natural sweetness.
Additionally, garnet sweet potatoes can be used in baked goods like pies, muffins, cupcakes, breads adding a touch of sweetness and vibrant color.
B. Jewel sweet potato
Jewel sweet potatoes have a rich, sweet flavor with hints of caramel and honey. They are often considered sweeter than other sweet potato varieties.
Jewel sweet potatoes can be prepared in numerous ways liked baked, roasted, boiled, or mashed just like the garnet variety, or used in other recipes as an ingredient.
Their sweet taste makes them a great ingredient in pies, casseroles, desserts, and other side dishes.
Beauregard sweet potatoes have a rich, sweet flavor with a balance of earthy and nutty undertones. They are appreciated for their pleasant taste.
Their natural sweetness makes them suitable for appetizing dishes, such as casseroles and gratins, and not to forget – pies, cakes, and cookies.
Hernandez sweet potatoes are known for their mildly sweet and nutty flavor. They offer a subtle sweetness without being overly sugary, making them a handy choice for a variety of culinary applications.
Their mild flavor makes them suitable for both spicy and sweet dishes.
Among the different types of sweet potatoes, the Covington variety is known for its exceptionally sweet flavor. It offers a rich and sugary taste that is often described as caramel-like or reminiscent of brown sugar.
F. Porto Rico
Porto Rico sweet potatoes offer a moderately sweet flavor with a hint of nuttiness. They have a pleasant and well-rounded taste that is appreciated in various culinary preparations.
Porto Rico sweet potatoes can be used in a variety of dishes in boiled, baked, or mashed forms. They are commonly used in traditional Puerto Rican cuisine, including dishes like mofongo and sweet potato flan.
2. White-Fleshed Sweet Potatoes
White sweet potatoes, such as the Hannah and O’Henry varieties, have pale yellow flesh and a slightly sweet, nutty flavor. They offer a milder taste compared to their orange counterparts.
White sweet potatoes are tasteful and can be cooked in multiple ways. They provide dietary fiber, vitamins, and minerals, making them a nutritious choice for incorporating into meals.
A. Hannah sweet potato
Hannah sweet potatoes have a mildly sweet flavor with subtle nutty undertones. They offer a milder and less assertive taste compared to orange-fleshed sweet potatoes.
They provide nutritional value and versatility in the kitchen, making them a popular choice for those seeking a milder-flavored sweet potato option.
B. Japanese Sweet Potato
Japanese sweet potatoes, also known as Satsuma-imo, have a subtly sweet and nutty flavor. They offer a delicate and less sugary taste compared to other sweet potatoes.
They are commonly used in Japanese cuisine for making tempura, nimono (simmered dishes), or simply enjoyed roasted or mashed. Since they have a dense and moist texture when cooked, they are well-suited for mashing or pureeing.
O’Henry sweet potatoes have a mildly sweet flavor with a creamy and buttery taste. They offer a delicate and less assertive sweetness compared to other sweet potato varieties.
O’Henry sweet potato’s creamy texture and balanced flavor make it suitable for all taste buds.
Boniato, also known as Cuban sweet potato or batata, has a mildly sweet flavor with a hint of nuttiness. They offer a less intense sweetness compared to orange-fleshed sweet potatoes.
Boniato sweet potatoes are commonly used in Latin American and Caribbean cuisine. They can be prepared in numerous ways, including baking, boiling, roasting, or frying.
Boniato sweet potatoes are often used in dishes like soups, stews, casseroles, or as a side dish. They can also be mashed, pureed, or used in desserts like pies and custards.
3. Purple-Fleshed Sweet Potatoes
Purple-fleshed sweet potatoes, such as the Purple Majesty and Okinawan varieties, offer numerous health benefits. They are rich in anthocyanins, antioxidants known for their anti-inflammatory properties.
Purple sweet potatoes come in various sizes, from small to large, depending on the specific variety. They are typically grown similarly to other sweet potatoes, requiring well-drained soil and warm temperatures for optimal growth.
Okinawan sweet potatoes, also known as Hawaiian sweet potatoes or Stokes Purple sweet potatoes have a mildly sweet flavor with a subtle nuttiness.
They offer a pleasant and slightly earthy taste. Their vibrant color adds visual appeal to dishes, and they can be used in both savory and sweet preparations. They are often used in desserts, fries, and chips, and as a colorful addition to salads.
B. Purple Majesty
Purple Majesty sweet potatoes have a moderately sweet flavor with a slightly earthy and nutty undertone. They offer a balance of sweetness and salty notes.
These sweet potato species can be used in various culinary preparations. You can consume them after baking, roasting, boiling, or steaming them. Their vibrant color makes them a visually appealing addition to salads, side dishes, soups, or desserts.
C. Charleston Purple
Charleston Purple sweet potatoes are prized for their rich purple color and offer a delightful combination of flavor and nutritional benefits. They have a moderately sweet flavor with a subtle earthy undertone.
These potatoes offer a pleasing balance of sweet & salty notes. They add visual appeal and unique touch to a wide range of dishes, making them a popular choice among sweet potato enthusiasts.
Different Types of Sweet Potatoes That Are Lesser-Known
These lesser-known varieties can be a great way to explore different flavors, colors, and textures in your culinary creations. Each variety brings its unique qualities, allowing for a diverse range of dishes and flavor combinations.
A. Margarita Sweet Potato
Margarita sweet potatoes offer a mildly sweet flavor with subtle hints of nuttiness. They have a creamy and smooth texture when cooked. They can also be easily baked, roasted, boiled, mashed, to be used in your food menu. These sweet potatoes are well-suited for making fries and chips.
B. Sweet Caroline ‘Bewitched with Envy’
Sweet Caroline ‘Bewitched with Envy’ sweet potatoes offer a sweet and rich flavor with earthy undertones. The deep purple flesh contributes to their unique taste profile, making them an interesting choice for culinary creations.
C. Korean Sweet Potato
Korean sweet potatoes, also known as Korean purple sweet potatoes or Korean yams have a sweet and nutty flavor with a slightly drier texture compared to other sweet potato varieties.
They offer a balance of sweetness and earthiness, making them enjoyable to eat. In Korean cuisine, they are commonly used in dishes like porridge, pancakes (jeon), or as an ingredient in traditional desserts.
Berkeley sweet potatoes offer a mildly sweet flavor with subtle nutty undertones. They are not overly sweet compared to some other varieties, making them useful for various culinary applications.
These sweet potato species can be baked, roasted, boiled, or mashed to be eaten. You can also add them to a sweet dish of your choice.
They have a firm and slightly dry texture when cooked. They hold their shape well and can be easily sliced or diced for different cooking methods.
Medusa sweet potatoes are a lesser-known variety of sweet potatoes that offer a mildly sweet flavor with hints of nuttiness. They have a starchy and firm texture when cooked.
Their unique appearance can make them a visually interesting ingredient in stews, soups, or roasted vegetable medleys. Medusa sweet potatoes have a firm texture that holds up well during cooking.
They are not as soft or moist as some other varieties, which makes them suitable for recipes where a firmer texture is desired.
What Is The Healthiest Type Of Sweet Potato?
All different kinds of sweet potatoes are generally considered healthy. However, purple sweet potatoes are often recognized as particularly nutritious due to their high levels of antioxidants, vitamins, and fiber.
Which Color Sweet Potato Is The Sweetest?
The sweetest variety of sweet potatoes is generally considered to be those with orange or purple flesh. Orange sweet potatoes, such as Beauregard or Jewel, and purple sweet potatoes tend to have a sweeter flavor compared to other types.
Are Yams and Sweet Potatoes The Same?
No, yams and sweet potatoes are not the same. They belong to different plant families and have distinct characteristics.
Sweet potatoes have a sweet taste and are orange, purple, or white in flesh, while yams have a starchy taste and are usually larger with brown or blackish skin with whitish-yellow flesh.
The skin of sweet potatoes is also cleaner and smoother as compared to yams.